ZYNQMP DMA Linux Driver for Zynq Ultrascale+ MPSoC


This page gives an overview of Zynqmp DMA which is available in Xilinx Linux distribution and in open source linux as drivers/dma/xilinx/zynqmp_dma.c

Xilinx ZynqMP DMA is a general purpose DMA designed to support memory to memory and memory to devices and device to memory transfers.
ZynqMP Ultrascale has two instance of DMA . One located in FPD (full power domain) is GDMA and the other located in LPD (low power domain) is ADMA.
Total 16 DMA channels (8 GDMA + 8 ADMA) are available.

HW IP features

  • AXI 4 support , burst length is limited to 16 to provide AXI 3 compatibility
  • SRC and DST payload can start and end at any alignment
  • Over fetching can be enabled/disabled per channel
  • Up to 8 configurable DMA channels
  • Each channel can be programmed secure or non-secure
  • Programmable number of outstanding transactions per channel
  • Support for periodic transaction scheduling. Period can be independently programmed per channel
  • Supports Simple(descriptor less) and Scatter Gather (SG) DMA modes
  • Supports read only DMA mode
  • Supports write only DMA mode
  • Common Buffer is automatically shared among all enabled DMA channels
  • Support for DMA START, STOP and PAUSE
  • Interrupt Accounting support
  • Descriptor prefetch support to maximize DMA efficiency
  • Support for error recovery
  • INCR & FIXED type burst supported
  • Independent AXI burst length is supported on SRC & DST Side
  • Support for per channel flow control interface

Features supported in driver

  • Memory to Memroy transfers are support
  • Scatter Gather (SG) transfer are support In Linked List Configuration
  • Optional descriptor's coherence.
  • Optional AXI burst length is supported for both DST and SRC side. Supported values are only power of 2 i.e 1,2,4,8 and 16
  • Support 8 DMA Channels
  • Interrupt Accounting Support.

Missing Features and known Issues/Limitations in Driver

  • No support for flow control mode.
  • No support for linear and hybrid descriptor modes
  • No Support for Simple DMA mode

Kernel Configuration

The following config options should be enabled in order to build ZynqMP DMA driver:
        tristate "Xilinx ZynqMP DMA Engine"
        select DMA_ENGINE
          Enable support for Xilinx ZynqMP DMA controller.
The following config options should be enabled inorder to build dmatest client
config DMATEST
        tristate "DMA Test client"
          Simple DMA test client. Say N unless you're debugging a
          DMA Device driver.
For testing with multiple scatter gather sources following option should be enabled.


In ZynqMP each channel is treated as independent device so for every channel there should be separate devicetree entry.
                fpd_dma_chan1: dma@fd500000 {
                        compatible = "xlnx,zynqmp-dma-1.0";
                        reg = <0x0 0xfd500000 0x0 0x1000>;
                        interrupt-parent = <&gic>;
                        interrupts = <0 124 4>;
                        clock-names = "clk_main", "clk_apb";
                        xlnx,id = <0>;
                        xlnx,bus-width = <128>;
                        power-domains = <&pd_gdma>;
                lpd_dma_chan1: dma@ffa80000 {
                        compatible = "xlnx,zynqmp-dma-1.0";
                        reg = <0x0 0xffa80000 0x0 0x1000>;
                        interrupt-parent = <&gic>;
                        interrupts = <0 77 4>;
                        clock-names = "clk_main", "clk_apb";
                        xlnx,id = <0>;
                        xlnx,bus-width = <64>;
                        power-domains = <&pd_adma>;

Test Procedure

There is a generic dma test client driver availble here @ https://github.com/Xilinx/linux-xlnx/blob/master/drivers/dma/dmatest.c

For more details about how to use this test client find details here @ https://github.com/Xilinx/linux-xlnx/blob/master/Documentation/dmaengine/dmatest.txt

Mainline status

The current driver availble in the xilinx distribution is in sync with the open source driver except for the following
  • Run time PM support in the driver
  • Overflow interrupt fix

Change Log

  • None

  • Fixed race condition in the probe, in case of interrupt property is not present, driver is trying to free an invalid free.
968167b: dma: xilinx : Fix race condition in the probe

  • None

  • Fixed issue driver does not work when CONFIG_PM is not set and ignore_unused is not passed.
  • Fixed race conditions in the prep_sg
6589fe8 : dma: xilinx: zynqmp_dma: Enable clocks even when CONFIG_PM is disabled
bbd4291 : zynqmp_dma: Fix race condition in the prep_sg

  • None

  • Fixed issues with overflow interrupt
  • Added runtime PM support in the driver
  • Fixed kernel doc warnings in the driver
  • Fixed sparce warnings in the driver
55d3651 dma: zynqmp_dma: Fix issues with overflow interrupt
4b81f5a dma: zynqmp_dma: Add runtime pm support in the driver
0a4fb79 dma: zynqmp_dma: Fix kernel-doc format
a3848d4 dma: zynqmp_dma: Fix warning variable val set but not used

  • Added missing clock nodes for LPDDMA in zynqmp-clk.dtsi and zynqmp.dtsi files
  • Updated the description for LPDDMA Channel usage in the zynqmp.dtsi
97f4d4e : Add missing clock nodes for lpddma in zynqmp-clk.dtsi and zynqmp.dtsi files
4996e76 : Add description for LPDDMA Channel usage

  • Driver got mainlined in the 4.8 kernel version
  • Existing driver in the xilinx linux distribution is in sync with the mainline driver
  • Added support for Scatter/Gather feature support in the generic DMA test client driver
  • Deleted the zynqmp_dmatest client driver as it is similar to the generic test client driver after adding support for the SG.
cd23261: commit: Sync driver with mainline
8685d21 : commit: Fix Static Checker warning
1f31af6 : commit: Remove zynqmp_dmatest driver

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