"The Yocto build system offers the ability to build libraries with different target optimizations or architecture formats and combine these together into one system image". [1]

This page provides instructions for creating a multilib version of the core-image-minimal target for the ZCU102 Zynq UltraScale+ MPSoC eval board, allowing the user to run both 32-bit and 64-bit applications.

Please note that the process outlined on this page is provided for informational purposes only and is not officially supported by Xilinx.

Instructions

Fetch the required sources

Create a workspace directory.
$ mkdir -p ~/workspace/yocto
$ cd ~/workspace/yocto
Clone the Yocto Poky repository and check out the current branch.
$ git clone http://git.yoctoproject.org/git/poky
$ cd poky
$ git checkout -b krogoth origin/krogoth
Clone the Xilinx meta layer and check out the current branch
$ git clone https://github.com/Xilinx/meta-xilinx.git
$ cd meta-xilinx
$ git checkout -b krogoth origin/krogoth
$ cd ..

Configure the build

Initialize the Yocto build environment
$ source oe-init-build-env
Add meta-xilinx to the conf/bblayers.conf file
BBLAYERS ?= " \
 /home/user/workspace/yocto/poky/meta \
 /home/user/workspace/yocto/poky/meta-poky \
 /home/user/workspace/yocto/meta-yocto-bsp \
 /home/user/workspace/yocto/meta-xilinx \
 "
Edit local.conf file
# Set target machine to zcu102
MACHINE ??= "zcu102-zynqmp"
 
# Define multilib target
require conf/multilib.conf
MULTILIBS = "multilib:lib32"
DEFAULTTUNE_virtclass-multilib-lib32 = "armv7athf-neon"
 
# Bundle image as an INITRAM image
INITRAMFS_IMAGE = "core-image-minimal"
INITRAMFS_IMAGE_BUNDLE = "1"
IMAGE_FSTYPES += "cpio.gz"
 
# Specify the 32-bit libraries to be added to all images
IMAGE_INSTALL_append = "lib32-glibc lib32-libgcc lib32-libstdc++"
 
Enable support for 32-bit EL0 applications under a 64-bit kernel at EL1
$ bitbake -c menuconfig linux-xlnx
config_compat.JPG

Execute the Build

$ bitbake core-image-minimal

Generate 32-bit and 64-bit test applications

Test application
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
 
{
 
printf("Hello World, the size of long int is %zd\n", sizeof(long int));
return 0;
 
}
Compile the test application for 32-bit and 64-bit
$ aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc -Wall hello_world.c -o hello_world_64b
$ arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc -Wall hello_world.c -o hello_world_32b

Test the Image

Generate BOOT.bin (not covered here).

Copy the following files to an SD Card
  • Boot.bin
  • build/tmp/deploy/images/zcu102-zynqmp/Image-initramfs-zcu102.bin (Rename to Image)
  • build/tmp/deploy/zcu102-zynqmp/images (Rename to system.dtb)
  • hello_world_64b
  • hello_world_32b
Boot the ZCU102

Mount the SD Card and run the test applications.
yocto_multilib_test.JPG


Author: Alvin Clark
  1. ^











    http://www.yoctoproject.org/docs/current/dev-manual/dev-manual.html#combining-multiple-versions-library-files-into-one-image